When asked how often to change radiator fluid most manufacturers suggest to do it as often as 24,000 to 36,000 miles, or about every 24 to 36 months. But then personal driving habits and climate are still to be considered as to how often change radiator fluid. For instance, If you are often driving your vehicle under extremely hot temperatures, you must change the radiator fluid more often. Do it ideally once a year or about every 12,000 to 15,000 miles.
How Often Change Radiator Fluid: Importance of Changing Radiator Fluid Regularly
A radiator is a component of a system that keeps your engine cool. While most people understand what it does, few are aware of the critical maintenance task required to keep it in good working order. Knowing how often change radiator fluid and following the schedule is one important maintenance task you will have to take on.
The radiator fluid is perhaps the most important component of your vehicle's cooling system. It is also known as antifreeze coolant, is a liquid mixture of antifreeze and water that circulates throughout your car's cooling system and aids in keeping your engine cool while it is running.
Car engines get hot in warm weather, and if you don't have something to dissipate the excess heat produced by the engine, your car will overheat and fail quickly. It also helps to keep the engine block from freezing when the vehicle is parked in extremely cold temperatures.
To keep your car's cooling system running smoothly, change the radiator fluid on a regular basis. Dirt and other contaminants can accumulate in the fluid over time, or it can become acidic. When this happens, the radiator fluid becomes significantly less effective and should be replaced. Regular radiator fluid change ensures that you maintain a healthy and smooth engine for many years to come.
How Often to Change Radiator Fluid: Checking the Radiator Fluid Level
The radiator in your vehicle serves as the heart of the cooling system, which also includes a fan, water pump, thermostat, hoses, belts, and sensors. It circulates coolant around the cylinder heads and valves to absorb heat, return it to the radiator, and safely dissipate it. As a result, you must maintain an adequate radiator fluid level, which means you must check the radiator fluid level and add to it as needed. Here are the steps:
- Position the car on a flat surface. Ideally, you should do so after a short drive in the car because the antifreeze or coolant level should be checked while the engine is cool or lukewarm, and not hot or cold.
So if you have already driven the vehicle for several hours or have driven the car a long distance then you will have to wait for a while to let the engine cool. When checking the radiator fluid level, never leave the engine running, and never try to check the radiator fluid level when the engine is hot.
- Lift the hood and locate the radiator cap. A radiator cap is a pressurized cap located near the top of the radiator. Newer vehicles label the cap. If yours does not, consult your owner's manual to locate it.
- Wrap a rag around the cap and take it off. The radiator and overflow caps absorb engine heat from the coolant so using a rag will protect you from the scalding heat. Place your pointer and middle fingers from one hand together and press down on the cap while turning the cap off with the other. This will prevent a coolant burst if the system is still under pressure.
- Investigate the radiator fluid level. The level of coolant should be near the top. If there is a “Full” marking etched into the radiator metal, that is the level of coolant that should be present.
- Remove the cap from your radiator overflow tank. Aside from the radiator tank, most modern vehicles have an overflow tank into which the radiator fluid expands when it gets hot. Normally, there should be very little fluid in here, if any at all. If your coolant level in the radiator is low and the overflow tank is nearly full long after you've driven the car, take it in for service right away.
- Check your coolant's freezing and boiling points. The ability of your radiator fluid to absorb and dissipate heat degrades over time. An antifreeze hydrometer is used to determine the freezing and boiling points.
Squeeze the bulb of the hydrometer. This causes air to escape from the hydrometer. Insert the rubber tube of the hydrometer into the coolant. Remove the bulb. This draws coolant into the hydrometer, causing the needle or the plastic balls inside the hydrometer to float.
Take the hydrometer out of the coolant. Use the hydrometer to determine the freezing or boiling point. If your hydrometer has a needle, it should point to a specific temperature or range of temperatures. If it employs a series of plastic balls, the number of floatable balls indicates how well your antifreeze protects the engine from freezing or boiling over.
If the coolant level is insufficient, you must either add more or replace it. You should check the coolant protection level twice a year, in the spring and fall, and more frequently if you drive in extreme conditions.
- As needed, add coolant. If your vehicle has an overflow tank, add the fluid to it; otherwise, add it to the radiator. (A funnel may be useful to prevent spillage.) Under most driving conditions, antifreeze should be mixed one to one with distilled water, or half antifreeze and half distilled water. In harsher climates, you can go as high as 70% antifreeze to 30% water, but no higher. While the engine is still warm, do not add fluid.
How Often to Change Radiator Fluid: The Process of Changing Radiator Fluid
Changing the radiator fluid in your vehicle is a simple procedure that entails removing the drain plug from the bottom of the radiator, allowing the fluid to drain, and then refilling the radiator with new antifreeze and water.
When replacing radiator fluid in your vehicle, never pour the old fluid down the drain. To ensure proper disposal, always take old radiator fluid to a recycling center. It is also a good idea to flush the radiator and cooling system before refilling it to help remove dirt and other contaminants that are not easily drained. Adding more antifreeze to your engine may temporarily alleviate coolant issues, but it will not address the underlying cause of your problem so a coolant flush will come in handy.
So what is a radiator or a coolant flush? An expert will first check to see if your coolant is leaking. If there is a leak, they must first locate and repair it. They will remove all of the old, burnt antifreeze once they have determined that there is no larger issue with your system.
Any existing dirt, debris, rust, sludge, or buildup in your system will be removed by the mechanic using professional-grade cleaning solutions. He will then complete the coolant flush by adding fresh antifreeze to your engine as well as a conditioner to keep it protected for longer. With all the benefits a radiator/coolant flush provides it follows that it could significantly improve the health of your vehicle. You will notice an immediate improvement on how your engine cools and performs following the service.
How Often to Change Radiator Fluid: When Do You Need a Radiator Flush?
As mentioned earlier, you need not only pay attention on how often change radiator fluid but also how often you should do a radiator/coolant flush. Here are the signs you do not only need a radiator fluid change but a radiator flush:
- Overheating vehicle and high temperature gauge
The primary function of coolant in your vehicle is to keep your engine temperatures low. If your temperature gauge is constantly high and your engine is frequently overheating, you probably need a coolant flush. Allowing your engine to overheat can lead to serious, costly problems, so it's best to see a mechanic as soon as you notice any temperature issues.
- Car has sweet maple syrup smell
An engine odor that reminds you of pancakes is one of the telltale signs of a needed coolant flush. Antifreeze contains ethylene glycol, which is known for its pleasant odor. As your car burns through coolant, it can emit odors that drivers frequently compare to maple syrup or butterscotch. While the smell is pleasant, it indicates that your engine requires attention as it burns through your a/c.
Other signs and symptoms:
Aside from the two clear indicators mentioned above that you need a coolant flush, there are other signs and symptoms to look out for such as unusual engine noises. When you hear an engine noise or notice something out of the ordinary, it is critical that you bring your vehicle in as soon as possible (or have a mechanic come to you).
Other things to keep an eye out for is a leaking fluid: If your antifreeze is leaking, you may notice a blue or orange liquid beneath your parked vehicle. Your engine will quickly overheat if coolant levels are not maintained at normal levels.
If you're still unsure whether you need a coolant flush, take your vehicle to a professional for advice. A professional mechanic can tell you whether or not this service is right for you. If you do require a coolant flush, a professional can do it quickly and cheaply.
You may also ask how often should you have radiator flush done? The best way to find out when your radiator needs to be flushed is to consult your owner's manual. However, in some cases, you may need to flush your radiator at shorter intervals than recommended by your owner's manual.
Like how often change radiator fluid it will be determined by the weather conditions in which you drive your car as well as your personal driving habits. In general, you should flush your radiator every five years or every 100,000 miles you drive.
How Often to Change Radiator Fluid: Related Questions
How do you know when to change your coolant?
Changing the coolant on a regular basis is one way to ensure that your engine is well-protected. However, this could be deceptive, leading you to make a change too soon or too late. A regular coolant checkup with an antifreeze tester can tell you if your engine coolant is depleted of additives.
Color isn't a good indicator of coolant condition, but if there's debris floating in it, it's time for a change. Even if your coolant level is adequate, if your engine is running hot, it could indicate that the fluid has deteriorated. Finally, when it comes to engine coolant, don't look for a specific color, but rather the type your engine requires.
What happens if you don't flush coolant?
If you're just wondering whether or not you should skip the recommended scheduled radiator flush, know that corrosion, sediment, and other unwanted products will continue to accumulate in your coolant system.
Do you add coolant to the radiator or reservoir?
If your vehicle has a reservoir, add it to the reservoir first, unless it is completely empty, in which case you can add it directly to the radiator. Once the radiator is full, finish topping it off with water from the reservoir. Always use the reservoir if you only need to add because it is low.
Radiator fluid or coolant issues can occur at any time of year, but vehicle overheating is most common during the summer. Before your engine faces any risks, you should ensure that you keep up with how often change radiator fluid so it is ready for summer with fresh coolant, oil, and other necessary maintenance.
If all else fails, consult your owner's manual for assistance. The age, make, and model of your vehicle, as well as your driving habits, previous care routines, the climate in your area, and other factors, can all have an impact on your coolant care routine. As a result, comprehensive vehicle care is essential.