This code is most often associated with other various modes in your vehicle, like the P0111, P0112, and the P0114 codes. Most intake air temperature sensor issues for this code P0113 are failures form damaged or worn-down shorted harnesses or from sensors that are not working correctly.
Luckily, if this code appears in your vehicle, there are various symptoms that can let you know what you are dealing with, and various causes that can help you determine the root cause of the issue and be able to fix the p0113 code.
The main repairs that can fix this code involve repairing or replacing the IAT sensor connector short, repairing or replacing the wiring short if necessary, and replacing the IAT with a new sensor.
What is the p0113 code?
What does this p0113 code mean in your vehicle? This is the generic OBD-II code that the engine control module has recorded the IAT sensor output above the desired sensor range that is necessary for the vehicle. The electronic control module, also known as the ECM, is basically the onboard computer that is in charge of your car. It consists of hardware that is protected by a durable cover. The hardware is in charge of carrying the pre programmed software specific to your vehicle that determines what is acceptable in terms of the data it receives from various sensors – and what can trigger the p0113 code.
Eventually, all electronic control modules will fail. Why does this happen? It can be for a variety of reasons, like excess engine vibration, water or electrical surges, and short circuits within the wiring systems in your vehicle. However, before you decide that your electronic control module is no longer working properly, you need to get the right diagnosis before replacing anything, or else you are going to have a costly repair and something that is not causing the p0113 code to be replaced.
Luckily, the electronic control module strokes trouble codes, like the p0113 code, that can make it very easy for a mechanic or technician to access the codes with the right scanner. The only issue here is that the ECM does not know the difference between a damaged part or component and a malfunctioning sensor – the only thing they can tell you, or the mechanic, is that something is wrong, like with the p0113 code.
As you can see, if the electronic control module is not working perly, it cannot detect the correct IAT sensor output range. This means that the car will not be able to generate the p0113 code and show that something is wrong with the intake air temperature sensor and that the data is above the expected sensor range.
What causes the p0113 code?
If the sensor output in your vehicle is higher than 4.91 voltage for over half of a second or more, then the electronic control module has to determine that something is wrong. It then shows the user or the mechanic that there is an open circuit in the intake air temperature sensor cuit and shows the trouble code of p0113 code.
What are the symptoms of the p0113 code?
There are various symptoms that can alert the driver to the prevalence of the p0113 code in their vehicle.
Check Engine Light
The first symptom is that the electronic control module will turn on the Check Engine Light and go into a failsafe mode. Before you immediately jump to the conclusion that something is wrong with the electronic control module, there can be various other reasons that the check engine light has come on in your car.
First, you could have a faulty oxygen sensor. The oxygen sensor measures the amount of unburnt oxygen that is left over within the car’s exhaust system and sends this data to the vehicle’s electronic control module, which then uses this data to regulate the amount of fuel and air mixture that is supposed to the enter the cylindres. If your o2 sensor is bad, it can damage components like steph spark plugs, catalytic converter and cause the check engine light to turn on, along with the p0113 code.
Second, you could have a loose fuel camp that can turn on the check engine light and cue the p0113 code. A loose fuel cap is a very common reason for the light turn-on since it is a key part of the ufel’s delivery system and presents fumes from leaving the fuel tank and keeps the system under correct pressure. If the check engine light turns on immediately after you put gas in your car, then this could be the reason for the check engine light and the p0113 code turning on.
In addition, another reason that the p0113 code is in your car and the check engine light is on could be due to a failed catalytic convert.er this part is within the vehicles’ exhaust system and monitors the carbon monoxide produced during the internal combustion process. Performing regular and routine maintenance keeps your car’s catalytic converter in working order and prevents the p0113 code.
Furthermore, another reason that the check engine light can appear in your car could be due to spark plug and ignition coil issues that can spur the p0113 code. An ignition coil is in charge of producing the electricity that the spark plugs require to ignite the fuel and air mixture with the cylinders. If you have a malfunctioning ignition coil, this can trigger the check engine light.
Engine might not start as usual
If your engine is not starting as usual ,is having difficulty starting, or is doing something different than it normally does when you turn the key in the ignition, this can be a symptom of the p0113 code. There are main reasons why your car might not start.
The first main reasons why your car might not be turning on is a dead battery, since the battery is required to provide electrical power to the car, and the electrical components, like the lights and the radio. While the car is running, the alternator is in charge of charging the battery and keeping it running. If the battery does not have enough charge to continue running, you cannot start the car or use the electrical components. So why does your car die? You could have left headlights on for too long, you could have a loose wire, the wire inside the component evaporated, or the battery’s lifespan has expired. Any of these reasons could contribute to a dead battery and the prevalence of the p0113 code.
The second reason your engine might not start as usual could be due to a defective ignition switch. You can try to narrow this down by turning on your headlights, and if your headlights turn on and the dashboard, then a bad ignition switch is most likely the reason behind the engine not working per usual.
In addition, a faulty starter is a common reason that your engine might not start as usual and the p0113 code appears. A broken starter can be the culprit, which is the electrical motor that is connected to the battery. The purpose of the starter is to set the engine in motion when you turn on the ignition switch. If the starter is bad the ignition wont crank properly and the engine might not crank at all when you turn on the ignition key, spurring p0113 code.
Engine might be running lean
If your engine is running lean, this means that the air to fuel mixture is off. A lean mixture refers to the fact that the ratio is not correct, and the internal combustion engine must use lean mixtures. This can be due to a few different reasons, and reasons why the p0113 code appears.
First, the fuel system could be reducing the amount of fuel coming into the engine, causing a lean condition. A clogged fuel filter can reduce the amount of delivery and the fuel pressure. Secondly, the oxygen sensor could be malfunctioning, and causing the data that is sent to the computer to be incorrect about the current state of the exhaust.
In addition, the air mass flow sensor tells the on-board electric control module how much air is entering the engine, and if the sensor does not send the correct signal, the air flow could increase without a decrease in fuel. Furthermore, the computer malfunction affects every aspect of the engine’s operation. If the electronic device is not working correctly, the computer could send the wrong fuel delivery signal to the fuel injectors, causing the fuel to run lean and turn on the p0113 code.
Engine might have pre-ignition problems
When an engine has pre-ignition, this means that the air and fuel mixture within the cylinder ignites prematurely and before the spark plug fires. This is usually created by an ignition source that is other than the spark, like hot spots, or a spark plug that is running too hot for the application. This can cause the spur of the p0113 code and the engine to have pre-ignition issues.
The causes of pre-ignition can help you determine the root cause of the p0113 code in your vehicle. The main causes are carbon deposits that form a heat barrier, or an overheated spark plug that is too hot for the application, glowing carbon deposits on the heat valve, a sharp edge in the combustion chamber or on top of the piston, or sharp edges on the valves that were placed improperly.
Furthermore, a lean fuel mixture as we talked about can cause pre-ignition along with an engine running hotter than normal due to a cooling system problem, auto ignition of the engine oil droplets, insufficient oil in the engine, the ignition timing too advanced, and the excessive amount of oxygen within the combustion chamber.
How can you diagnose the p0113 code?
Luckily, the mechanic is able to diagnose the p0113 code by taking into account the cause of this appearing in your car and the various symptoms that you can easily see by the engine not starting as usual, the engine running lean, the engine having pre-ignition issues, and check engine light turning on.
First, the mechanic will scan the electronic control module, and take note of any codes received from the scan with their diagnostic tool. They will then view the freeze frame data to see if the condition is present when the code is set, i.e. the engine running lean.
Second, the mechanic will have to clear the vehicle of any fault codes, like the p0113 code, and retest the car to see if the code comes back. They will take note if the code reappears or does not appear in the cra during the retest. Next, they will perform visual inspection to check for any clear issues, like a shooting harness, poor sensor connection, or wiring issues.
After the visual inspection is completed, the mechanic will observe the sensor’s live data on the scanner, while simultaneously removing the IAT sensor to see if the sensor reading goes to the required temperature when the sensor is shorted.
If the sensor is showing the right temperature when disconnected, then the short is in the connector or the harness.
Mistakes when diagnosing the P0113 Code
Even though your mechanic may not what to do with the P0113 Code, or you have read enough research to think you know how to diagnose this issue, there are still some common mistakes that people cna make when diagnosing the P0113 Code and can influence how you determine the cause of the issue and fix the problem.
First, you might not be able to perform a visual inspection of connections and wiring. If you go to a mechanic and notice they do not do this step, then you need to ask them to visually inspect the wiring, or take your car elsewhere.
Second, the mechanic might not follow the pinpoint test procedure in the correct order and might bypass some steps in order to get to the end result and conclusion quicker. This can lead to a misdiagnosis and cost you more money and more time in the future.
Third, not replacing an IAT sensor can be a huge mistake. Some mechanics will only replace this IAT sensor if it indicates a huge problem, whereas you will have to do this if you notice any P0113 Code appears.
Lastly, your mechanic might not connect a new sensor to the harness and view the new electronic control module data to see if the temperature output from the sensor is as expected .fi the mechanic does not perform this step, it does ont fix the prevalence of the P0113 Code or fix the main issue and cause of the problem.