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Your Ultimate Guide to How to fix P0722 Code

Your Ultimate Guide to How to fix P0722 Code

The vehicle’s engine control unit (ECU) uses data from a number of sensors, including the output shaft speed sensor, to determine when to activate gear changes, the torque converter, and other essential operations. The P0722 DTC indicates that the ECU is not receiving data from the OSS sensor, which may cause transmission issues. In this article we will discuss how to fix P0722 code.

Auto Repairs Are EXPENSIVE


 

The P0722 OBD2 code is intended to alert you to a single issue, but ignoring the symptoms can lead to even more. If the Powertrain Computer or PCM is unable to detect a consistent or predicted speed signal from the transmission's output speed sensor, it will be unable to accurately estimate how and/or when to shift up or down. When this happens and the P0722 code is saved, the Check Engine light may illuminate. Sometimes this could appear to be the sole symptom. However, if the problem is left unattended for a long time, even these cases will eventually develop vehicle performance issues. Then other symptoms could be felt as well.

 

P0722 Symptoms


 

 

P0722 Causes

 

  • A faulty output speed sensor could be to be blamed and should be verified if you must know how to fix P0722 code.
  • Input speed sensor / TSS sensor could not be working properly.
  • You must also look closely if the temperature sensor for transmission fluid has failed.
  • You will also have to look into the connectors if they are broken, loose, or corroded.
  • Frayed or shorted wiring and/or valve body or pressure related issues could also cause the P0722 code.

 

If the ECU displays a P0722 DTC, the mechanic should check for other fault codes that could indicate why the OSS sensor has stopped communicating with the ECU. A thorough examination of the wiring and connectors is required to see whether any damage or corrosion may have resulted in a short.

 

Metal fragments can get lodged on the magnetic sensor head and prevent it from working properly, hence the transmission fluid itself should be examined for metallic debris. If the transmission fluid and OSS sensor are both clean, the sensor must be checked to verify if it functions. It's also a good idea to check the input shaft speed sensor and the TFT sensor.

 

Diagnosing the P0722 Code

 

Knowing how to fix P0722 Code also means diagnosing it.

 

A mechanic will first use an OBD-II scanner to identify the stored P0722 code and any other codes that may be related to it in order to diagnose the problem. They'll handle any other codes first, then retest the system to determine if the P0722 code is saved again before addressing the P0722 code.

 

The mechanic will then visually verify the output speed sensor, its wiring, and connectors to make sure there are no open or shorted circuits. Before replacing or attempting to repair any component in the system, they will inspect and test the shift solenoid and valve body to diagnose the problem.

 

When troubleshooting the P0722 code, there are a few common mistakes to avoid. When the P0722 code is set, the symptoms can mimic an internal transmission problem, a misfiring engine, a faulty driveline, a fuel delivery system problem, and other problems. As a result, it's critical to review the code before attempting to diagnose the problem. One must also be careful to not to ignore the transmission fluid's condition, transmission fluid leaks, and other sensors as it can result in a more difficult diagnostic approach.

 

What Repairs Will Make P0722 Go Away?

 

The output speed sensor should be replaced.

Input speed sensor should be replaced.

Replacement or fixing faulty wiring and/or connectors

Replace the temperature sensor for the transmission fluid.

Replace the transmission fluid and the filter.

Repair leaks in the transmission fluid.

 

The transmission output shaft sensor can also be utilized as a vehicle speed sensor on some cars (VSS sensor). Others may share the same code for the TFT sensor, therefore you'll have to consult a mechanic to sort through all of the possibilities.

Where is the output shaft speed sensor located?

 

The Input and Output Speed Sensors are two-wire magnetic pickup devices that produce AC signals when they rotate. They are major inputs to the Transmission Control Module and are placed on the left side of the transmission case (TCM).

 

The actual gear ratio of the gearbox is calculated by transmission input/output sensors when the transmission is in use. The transmission data is typically communicated to the vehicle's powertrain control module by two sensors. The input sensor is the initial sensor, and it measures the speed of the transmission's input shaft. The output sensor is the second sensor, and it measures the output shaft speed.

 

What happens when your transmission speed sensor goes out?

 

A faulty speed sensor can have ramifications beyond the speedometer's operation. The VSS data is used by both the engine and transmission management systems to make the required modifications for your vehicle to perform properly. Other systems (such as cruise control) may rely on this data as well, depending on the vehicle.

 

In other words, a faulty speed sensor may impair your vehicle's ability to drive safely. As a result, it's a good idea to be aware of the warning signals of a malfunctioning speed sensor. When the sensors don't provide a speed indication, shifting gears will be difficult since the powertrain control module won't be able to regulate them properly. This will cause the transmission to malfunction. It will either shift faster or more unevenly than expected.

 

Irregular automatic transmission operation is one of the most prevalent indicators of a defective speed sensor. The transmission may exhibit symptoms such as delayed shifts, harsh shifts, and limited gear performance if the VSS is faulty.

 

What causes a speed sensor to malfunction?

 

The vehicle speed sensor (VSS) is also known as the output shaft speed sensor or transmission speed sensor. It's a little gadget that measures the rotation of a toothed wheel on a shaft inside the transmission to determine how fast your car is moving. The speed sensor determines how fast your car is moving by measuring the spinning of a toothed wheel on a shaft inside the transmission. It's usually installed someplace on the transmission.

 

The VSS generates low-voltage signals that are sent to one or more control modules, which are computers. So what can cause these sensors to fail?

 

  • An internal electrical fault in the speed sensor

 

The speed sensor has an internal electrical problem.

Internally damaged speed sensors can produce an irregular output signal or no signal at all. A digital voltmeter or oscilloscope can usually be used to test the sensor.

 

  • The sensor has been damaged.

 

It's possible that the speed sensor will be fractured or damaged. In addition, prolonged exposure to the environment might cause the plastic part of the sensor to become brittle. Over time, the magnetic part of the sensor may become worn and destroyed.

 

Turn the DVOM to AC Volts to evaluate the sensor output. Rotate the wheel (or whatever speed you're measuring) for a few seconds. Measure the AC voltage output by connecting the meter leads to the sensor. The output should be roughly one turn per two seconds if the shaft is spun at that rate.

 

  • Inadequate vehicle maintenance

 

Speed sensor failure might be exacerbated if you don't keep up with your vehicle's maintenance routine. If the magnetic pickup and/or toothed wheel become significantly covered in gunk, especially old transmission fluid pollutants, this instrument will not be able to generate accurate readings.

 

While driving without a properly functional vehicle speed sensor is technically conceivable, it is generally advised. A malfunctioning VSS can have a detrimental impact on a variety of areas of vehicle performance, which is why a bad speed sensor should be replaced as soon as feasible.

 

If you see any of the symptoms listed above, take your car to a repair right away—or, if you're adept with cars, fix the problem yourself. This ensures your continuous safety on the road while also reducing the risk of costly engine and gearbox issues in the future. Failure to replace a defective sensor can have an impact on both of these systems because they won't have the information they require to function properly. These repairs will not only cost you hundreds to thousands of dollars, but they will also take longer to complete and will keep your vehicle out of commission longer than necessary.

 

How much does a speed sensor replacement cost?

 

Your input or output vehicle speed sensor (VSS) has failed and has to be replaced, according to an OBD II scan. You can spend between $100 and $250 or more to have one speed sensor changed at a repair shop or dealership, or you can replace the sensor yourself for a fraction of the cost.

 

The cost of a speed sensor is the cost of the sensor if you do it yourself. A speed sensor can cost as little as $7.92 or as much as $100, depending on the vehicle's year, make, and model. A speed sensor costs between $25 and $45, depending on the car. Knowing the cost for replacing a speed sensor can greatly benefit you on how to fix P0722 code if it's the speed sensor that is the issue.

 

When replacing a transmission speed sensor, how long does it take? Within 2-3 hours, most skilled technicians can replace the transmission speed sensor. It may take a little longer depending on the extent of the damage.

Can a speed sensor be cleaned?

 

Because the sensors are magnetic, they gather dust and debris. The numerous components of the speed sensors can collect dirt from the road as well as dust produced by frequent rapid braking. To avoid harming the anti-lock braking system, speed sensors must be cleaned on a regular basis. So yes, speed sensors can be cleaned and here’s how:

 

  1. Gather all materials and place them within easy reach to prepare the area. If you need to protect yourself from dust, put on overalls and a face mask now.

 

  1. Place the jack stands under the front of the automobile and lift it up. Make a ring of wheel blocks around the back wheels. Remove the wheel using the lug wrench by unscrewing each nut. Place the steering wheel in a secure location.

 

  1. Determine whether the sensor is an open or camouflaged sensor by locating it. Look for the reference ring at the back of the brake rotor; if you can see it, the sensor is open. Sensors that are hidden or masked can be found within the differential housing. This type of sensor does not need to be cleaned or maintained on a regular basis because it is protected from dirt and dust.

 

  1. Unfasten the sensor with the wrench. Carefully remove it from the bracket. Pay special attention to the cables that surround the housing, as carelessness could result in wire damage.

 

  1. Degreaser should be sprayed on the rag. Gently clean the sensor, paying special attention to the top, which is the most sensitive section.

 

  1. Apply a degreaser solution to the brush and carefully remove any dirt from the reference ring. Clean the reference ring well between the holes and crevices until it is free of debris.

 

  1. Replace the wheel and replace the sensor in the housing bracket. Using the wrench, secure the wheel. Each sensor must be cleaned; clean the sensor on the opposite front wheel as well.

 

  1. Lower the vehicle and remove the jacks, then double-check that all of the wheels are securely in position. Carry out the same procedure with the rear wheel sensors.