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Equal Parts Good and Bad: Ford’s 4.6L Modular V-8

Equal Parts Good and Bad: Ford’s 4.6L Modular V-8

The Ford 4.6L V8 is one of the most notorious motors ever to be on sale in the United States. Many people wonder what common Ford 4.6 engine problems there are (trust me they have their fair share) but this simple, small block V8 is also known for its intense durability and absolute rock bottom cost to maintain and operate. It’s done duty in everything from police cruisers to New York City Taxi cabs, countless limousines, chauffeur cars, and even F-150 trucks. 


 

This article will cover the history of the Ford 4.6L V-8, common applications, as well as detail its most common problems and the approximate cost to fix them. 

 

Common Ford 4.6 engine problems include: 

 

  • Intake manifold failure (1996 to 2001) 
  • Timing Chain and Guide Failure
  • Spark Plug Failure 

 

So let’s dive right into this legendary engine and figure why people love it and why some things about it simply leave you shaking your head. 

A Modular Engine: The History Of The Ford 4.6L V-8

Ford was riding a massive wave of success in the late 1980s due to the success of the Ford Taurus family sedan and other highly successful models. Donald Petersen, then the CEO of Ford Motor Company, wanted to apply the same mentality of the Taurus, right on down the line to all of the engines that propagated the Ford lineup. One of the first targets was the decidedly old school, small block, OHV V8 that was found in several of Ford’s vehicles. 

 

Engineers at Ford started to examine the best engines from European manufacturers and Japanese manufacturers which, at the time, were the gold standard for V-8 designs. Ford was seeking ane engine that both technologically advanced and powerful without resorting to a large displacement V-8. The decision was made to roll with a SOHC (Single Overhead Cam) design that utilized a 1:1 bore stroke ratio (for the positive aspects of the noise, vibration, and harshness) and 4.6 liters (280 cubic inches) of displacement. 

 

Crucially, Ford initially designed this motor to need no major service for at least 100,000 miles. Down the road, this would be a key selling point to getting millions of these motors into service duty all over the nation. Engineers added in a chain-driven camshaft and settled on the inclusion of aluminum heads/pistons, along with all engine accessories attached directly to the block. This forced Ford into a more difficult casting process but also allowed the removal of heavy mounting brackets and made the motor extremely easy to maintain. 

 

Perhaps most significantly, this motor was deemed a “modular” V-8 because it could be adapted to fit a variety of different needs extremely easily. Everything from cam design to cylinder count could be adjusted to meet the needs of vehicles that ranged from the Lincoln Town Car to the Ford Econoline and Super Duty. At the factory, a unique tooling system was created that allowed the factory to quickly switch production from one engine to another. As a method of production, this set up was completely unique as most automotive manufacturing lines do not have the ability to quickly change the tooling to build different motors on a near whim. The only unifying characteristic was a 100 MM bore spacing. 

 

Ford dropped $4 Billion Dollars on this motor line and in 1991, it entered service in the now-defunct Lincoln Town Car. From there, the 4.6 V-8 made its way (most notably) into the Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis, and several other models. 

The Good and The Bad: Modular 4.6 V-8 Issues

Many of the 4.6 V-8 motors made over the years entered service into high mile, high abuse scenarios such as taxi cabs, police cars, and chauffeur vehicles. This is really where the 4.6 V-8 shines brightest. Examples of taxi cabs regularly reaching over 500,000 miles and some over a MILLION miles are not uncommon. A quick search of the internet reveals that people all over the nation have similar stories of the reliability of these motors and stories about buying them second, third, or fifth hand and enjoying years of reliable operation. 

 

Despite this fact, there are several prominent Ford 4.6 engine problems that you should be aware of and we will cover those in full detail. 

Intake manifold failure (1996 to 2001) 

This is one is really one of those “what were you thinking?” type moments from the engineers over at Ford Motor Company. The reality of the situation is that this failure had more to do with accountants then it had to do with engineers, who undoubtedly would not have done something so foolish in order to save a few pennies on one particular part. 

 

The part in question here is a plastic intake manifold that Ford decided to stick on the 4.6 V-8 in 1996. Ford claims that the part was installed to increase airflow but most critics of the decision agree that the decision was heavily biased towards saving money. Over time, the plastic in this part would degrade and allow coolant to spontaneously and tragically leak from the motor at a massive rate. This would often leave owners with a car that had overheated or was about to overheat. Worse off, it would leave people stranded. 

 

Luckily, a massive class-action suit was filed against Ford, and owners of Crown Victorias or Grand Marquis are able to receive $735 for their troubles. You can read more about how to accomplish this here.

 

The repair is a relatively affordable $750 but that does not include any other damage that happens as a result of your vehicle overheating. The replacement intake manifold is no longer plastic. 

Timing Chain and Guide Failure

Continuing with Ford 4.6 engine problems; we move on to the timing chain guide. Ford had it right when deciding to put a timing chain (vs. a timing belt) on the 4.6 but their decision to use plastic for the timing chain guide was again misguided. The caveat with this particular issue is that it can be avoided by ensuring that proper viscosity oil and a quality oil filter are utilized for the duration of the vehicle's life. This is most likely why taxi cab companies and police forces had such good luck with this vehicle, as most of these organizations would be neurotic over maintenance. 

 

Essentially, if the wrong oil, dirty oil, or a subpar oil filter is used, it causes problems with the chain slapping or striking the guides on startup. The 4.6 uses hydraulic tensioners (actuated by oil pressure) to create the necessary force on the timing chain. If the oil is low, highly viscous (thick), or not in the right location due to the wrong oil filter – the tension will not be present upon start-up and the chain will strike the guides and bust them up. Once this happens, the additional slack on the chain can pull the camshaft out of timing on that specific bank (a side of the V in a V-8) which then causes the valves to be out of sequence. The typical result of this issue is a check engine light and a rough idle. 

 

This is an expensive repair due to the amount of work needed to pull apart the motor and it usually clocks in around $1000.

Spark Plug Failure

This issue is more specific to the 3V models of the Ford 4.6 engine but it can happen on the 2v motors common in vehicles like the Crown Victoria. The reason for failure is a short thread depth due to the thin casting of the aluminum cylinder heads from the factory. Over time, the spark plug can become loose in the head and be shot out. This issue forces the owner to pay for a re-thread of the spark plug threads in order to fix the issue. If it can not be repaired, owners must fully replace the entire head. Yikes. 

 

Ford issues a TSB to address the issue, which can be found here.

 

What About Selling Your Car To Cash Cars Buyer?

Although Ford 4.6 engine problems are fairly rare, you may still own a vehicle that has some of the issues listed above. You may also a second-hand vehicle that was not properly maintained by its owner or been abused in service as a police car or taxi cab. If your Ford 4.6 engine is giving you problems, you should consider selling it to Cash Cars Buyer today. We offer a simple, no-obligation quote and will pay you cash on the spot for your car. Don’t let it sit there, unrepaired and collecting dust; get the cash you need for a new ride today. Give Cash Cars Buyers a call or visit us online today.